|The Sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone at Morgantina, Getty Villa Exhibit|
|Sanctuary to Chthonic Divinities, Agrigento|
Cults throughout Sicily were dedicated to Chthonic (underworld or earthly) divinities like Aetna (the personification of Mt. Etna), Demeter, Persephone, Hades, and other spirits of the underworld. Demeter represented the fertility of the grain, and her daughter (sometimes also called simply Kore, "the maiden") was the mistress of death. As anyone with Sicilian relatives can tell you, Sicilian women are natural matriarchs, so it is also possible that a mother-daughter cult has long played a central role in Sicilian culture.
|"Women Gossiping"; British Museum|